Interdisciplinary Learning Courses

First aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives

First aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives First aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives
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Interdisciplinary Learning CoursesFirst aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives

Sooner or later you will have to be the first responder in an emergency situation, that is, you will be one of the most important links in solving the incident. This course will prepare you to deal with this situation adequately.

The subject "First Aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives" will provide you with the necessary training to be able to detect, analyze and efficiently address possible emergencies, applying, if necessary, health and/or psychological first aid maneuvers to the victims.

Throughout life, it is likely that you may find yourself in critical situations during which, if you do nothing, can cause damage and alter the physical or psychological integrity of the people involved. It is in that first moment of the emergency when we have a golden opportunity to help effectively, offering a quick response and intervening at the precise moment in which the harmful effects could be generated, in this way, we become essential first responders.

There are many factors to take into account when acting in different situations in which there are, or may be, victims of various kinds involved. Among other things, it is important to take into account aspects such as; the risks present on the scene, personal protection and safety, the appropriate intervention techniques according to the situation, etc. In this sense, training is one of the most important pillars to face interventions with procedures that guarantee safety and provide effective responses in those first moments of the emergency.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify a risk situation for the victim and, as such, alert the corresponding emergency services.
  • Assess the importance of the first responder in the chain of survival in terms of early detection of the situation and application of PWH approach (Protect-Warn-Help).
  • Identify a situation of possible cardiorespiratory arrest and be able to apply basic life support.
  • Know basic first aid for skin and bone injuries, alterations in the level of consciousness or other common medical situations.
  • Identify the most common psychological reactions that people in crisis can experience.
  • Know and apply simple methods and techniques of health first aid and/or psychological support as first responders, depending on the situation, thus facilitating the return to normality.

Contents of the Subject


  • 1. Introduction to first aid. Evaluation of victims and first actions.
  • 2. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Use of the semi-automatic defibrillator.
  • 3. Management of victim with foreign body airway obstruction (FBAO).
  • 4. Treatment of wounds, trauma and bleeding.
  • 5. Treatment of burns and frostbites.
  • 6. Primary intervention in cases of Shock, Heart attacks and Epilepsy.
  • 7. Primary intervention in heat disorders: Exhaustion, sunstroke and heat stroke.
  • 8. Primary intervention in hypothermia, allergic reactions and poisonings.


  • 9. People in the face of a crisis. The importance of psychological support.
  • 10. Evaluation of victims and most common psychological reactions.
  • 11. Psychological first aid for anxiety attacks and dysfunctional emotional reactions.


  • 12. What to do in a fire?
  • 13. What to do if I get lost in the mountains?
  • 14. What to do in a traffic accident?


Pedro Laguna Professor of First aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives

Pedro Laguna

Pedro Laguna is a Professional Firefighter in the Community of Madrid. He graduated in Health Psychology and is an expert in emergency psychology. He attended the Expert Program on Mindfulness for Health at the Complutense University of Madrid. He was Coordinator and instructor for 12 years in the Firefighter Training Service, and is currently a collaborating professor of the CEF/UDIMA group in the Human Resources areas. He regularly teaches courses and seminars in companies, training centers and universities on the application of Mindfulness for stress and anxiety management. He collaborates in the permanent Mindfulness training program for health professionals at the Doce de Octubre Hospital. Fernando Jiménez Professor of First aid: learn to stop the initial threat and save lives

Fernando Jiménez

Fernando Jiménez is a Professional Firefighter in the Community of Madrid, he has been a member as a Specialist Firefighter of the GERA Group (Emergency and Rescue Group at Altitude) for 10 years, performing location, search and rescue tasks in mountain interventions with helicopters. He is a Graduate in Nursing, Senior Technician in Occupational Risk Prevention (Specialties: Work Safety, Industrial Hygiene and Ergonomics and Psychosociology), Sports Technician and guide in Highlands, and an expert in Comprehensive care for victims in hard-to-reach places. He has extensive professional experience in the field of training in relation to Risk Prevention, First Aid and Emergency management.