Interuniversity Doctorate in Economics and Business

Welfare and Internationalization (UNED and Nebrija)
Interuniversity Doctorate in Economics and Business: Welfare and Internationalization  (UNED y Nebrija) Interuniversity Doctorate in Economics and Business: Welfare and Internationalization  (UNED y Nebrija)

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Interuniversity Doctorate in Economics and Business Welfare and Internationalization (UNED and Nebrija)

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The Interuniversity Doctoral Program in Economics and Business: Welfare and Internationalization is a joint program of the Antonio de Nebrija University and the Spanish Open University (UNED)

The program brings together a teaching staff of 22 researchers with a marked international profile around two areas:

  • 1) Welfare, education, work and public policies.
  • 2) Internationalization of Companies and global markets.


The objectives of the program, and its commitments to doctoral students, are:

  • Contribute to the training of doctors and researchers, with the aim that they can practice their professional life in the field of academia, research centers, the Administration and companies with a social impact.
  • Provide the program's doctors with the necessary knowledge and competences so that they can carry out their future research activity autonomously and competitively, by publishing in international journals with an impact factor, participating in international networks, and carrying out national and international projects.
  • Generate scientific findings and knowledge in the areas of microeconometrics, inequality, the labor market, the internationalization of companies, education and welfare.
  • Establish a center for generating knowledge and talent, which can transfer results, proposals and policies to society, aimed at improving citizens' welfare.
  • Promote cooperation between universities and the mobility of students and teaching staff.
  • Develop a complete and complex academic curriculum model that is committed to the multidisciplinary nature of training in Economics and Business within the University.
  • Full adaptation of the level of university studies in Economics and Business in our country to that existing within the European Union and other neighboring countries, culminating the process that began with integration into the university system in 1996.
  • Development of specialization profiles in areas that make it possible to take into account the innovation needs required by the Economy and Business field.

Admission to the doctoral program

Admission profile

The criteria for accessing the Doctoral program are detailed in the following section, and are established by law for this purpose. Therefore, any candidate who meets these criteria would have legal access to the program.

The recommended academic profile for students who want to access this Doctoral Program in Economics and Business: Welfare and Internationalization requires knowledge of economics, business administration and quantitative and qualitative methods equivalent to postgraduate studies.

  • Profile 1. In general, admission to the doctoral program will require having completed a Bachelor's degree in Economics or Business Administration (or one of the more specialized bachelor's degrees into which these studies have been divided, such as, for example, a bachelor's degree in Marketing, in Finance or Accounting, among others), in addition to having completed research master's studies in Business Economics or Economics.
  • Profile 2. Students that may also be considered for admission are those who have completed a Bachelor's degree in Economics or Business Administration plus a master's degree in Business Economics or Economics with a professional profile, and must complete complementary training.
  • Profile 3. Likewise, students that may also be considered for admission are those whose bachelor's degree does not correspond to those mentioned above, but do have a research master's degree in Business Economics or in Economics, and must take complementary training.

Students who do not meet the recommended academic profile and come from master's degrees that are not specialized in Economics and Business, must take specific complementary courses defined in the corresponding section. For those students who have completed master's degrees in the field of Engineering and Architecture, the Academic Committee will determine the necessary complementary courses from among those indicated in the corresponding section.

Regarding skills, the recommended admission profile refers us to students capable of understanding and solving problems in the field of companies and organizations, and evaluating the behavior of economic agents in this sector of activity. Likewise, knowledge in microeconomics, macroeconomics, labor market, data analysis and quantitative techniques will be very useful for the completion of the program.

Students must accredit a minimum B2 level of knowledge of English in the common European framework of reference for languages, which allows them to perfectly understand the ideas expressed in scientific articles, interact with native speakers with a sufficient degree of fluency and naturalness, and produce scientific texts. Likewise, non-Spanish speaking students must accredit, at least, the same level (B2) of Spanish.

Requirements and admission criteria

In general, to access an official doctoral program it will be necessary to have official Spanish Bachelor's degrees -or its equivalent- and Master's degrees. Likewise, those who are in any of the following cases may also be admitted:

  • a) Have an official Spanish university degree, or from another country that is part of the European Higher Education Area, which grants access to a Master's degree in accordance with the provisions of Article 16 of Royal Decree 1393/2007, of October 29, and have passed a minimum of 300 ECTS credits in all official university studies, of which at least 60 must be of Master's degree level.
  • b) Have an official Spanish Bachelor's degree, whose duration, in accordance with Community law regulations, is at least 300 ECTS credits. Graduates must take the complementary courses referred to in Article 7.2 of RD 99/2011, unless the curriculum of the corresponding bachelor's degree includes research training credits, equivalent in educational value to research credits from Master's studies.
  • c) University graduates who, after obtaining a place for training in the corresponding admission test for accessing specialized health training, have passed at least two years of training with a positive evaluation in a program in order to obtain the official degree of any of the Health Sciences specialties.
  • d) Have a degree obtained in accordance with foreign educational systems, without the need for its homologation, after the university verifies that it accredits a level of training equivalent to that of the official Spanish University Master's degree and that it grants access to doctoral studies in the issuing country. This admission will not imply, in any case, the homologation of the previous degree of which the interested party, or its recognition for other purposes than that of accessing the doctoral studies.
  • e) Have another Spanish Doctorate degree obtained in accordance with previous university regulations.
  • f) Have a Bachelor's, Engineer or Architect diploma of degrees all prior to the regulation of RD 1393/2007, in accordance with the provisions of the regulations on equivalence of official Spanish degrees, prior to those regulated in Royal Decree 1393/2007, of October 29, for the purposes of admission to official doctoral studies regulated in RD 99/2011, approved by the Governing Committee of the Antonio de Nebrija University on 19/01/2016.

The following scale is established for admission to the doctoral program in Economics and Business:

  • Academic record of the Bachelor's degree that grants access to the doctoral program 30%.
  • Academic record of the master's degree that grants access to the doctoral program 40%.
  • Letters of introduction from university professors or other research institutions, who have direct knowledge of the skill and competence of the applicant (5%)
  • Research experience or other merits related to research (20%)
  • Accredited knowledge of a foreign language commonly used in the scientific community to which the doctoral program belongs (5%). Language certification will be evaluated starting at a B2 level of the European Framework of Languages.
  • Completed and signed application
  • An updated Curriculum Vitae
  • Certified copy of the bachelor's diploma (or undergraduate diploma)*
  • Certified copy of the official Master's diploma*
  • Certified copy of the curriculum of the Master's studies (or similar)*
  • Copia compulsada del certificado académico del Grado*
  • Copia compulsada del certificado de la universidad de origen que acredite la posibilidad de acceso a estudios de doctorado en su país desde la titulación obtenida (en caso de estudios extranjeros).
  • Photocopy of DNI (Spanish) or passport (foreigners)
  • One photo (passport size)
  • A PDF copy of Master's Dissertation or Diploma of Advanced Studies (if applicable)
  • A letter of recommendation (from the Master's Dissertation director, or anyone who can refer research experience)
  • Proof of work activity (in case of requesting part-time admission)
  • An outline of the thesis project containing Objectives (and/or Research Questions) / Methodology / Expected Outcomes

* In the case of non-European diplomas: "apostille" in documents issued in countries that have signed the Hague Convention, or legalization through diplomatic channels, in other cases.
** If the documentation has not been issued in Spanish, it must be accompanied by the corresponding official sworn translation.

Send the application with all the documentation by email to [email protected]

Admission and enrollment

Provisional resolution admission 2021-22

Send the completed admission application and claims to [email protected]

  • September 1-23
    Send the completed and signed admission application by email, along with the required documentation of the program.
  • September 26-29
    Notification by email of the provisional decision of those admitted to the doctorate.
  • September 26-29
    Provision of a period of three days, from the notification of the provisional decision of those admitted, to submit any claim by email.
  • Until October 2
    Resolution of claims.
    Email notification of the final list of admitted students.
  • September 26 to October 13
    If you are admitted, send the completed and signed application along with the documentation sent earlier in the admission process, by mail to:

    Universidad Nebrija – Escuela de Doctorado
    Campus de La Berzosa
    28240 Hoyo de Manzanares (Madrid).

    If the required documentation is not provided within the established period, the Doctoral School will proceed to cancel the enrollment application.
  • October 3-28
    Self-enrollment through the Universitas XXI application.
    Send by email ([email protected] and [email protected]) proof of payment corresponding to the registration fees and annual tutelage fees in the doctorate.
    Students who are admitted and do not formalize their enrollment within the period indicated by the Doctoral School will lose their place in the program.
Complementary courses
Doctoral Programs AMOUNT ECTS/TOTAL 21-22 Complementary Courses (6 ECTS) Complementary Courses (12 ECTS) Complementary Courses (18 ECTS)
Interuniversity Doctorate in Economics and Business 175,08 € 1050,50 € 2.101,00 € 3.151,50 €

Students who access the doctoral program from master's degrees that grant direct access will not need to take any type of complementary courses, unless they wish to take them voluntarily.

In the event that the student lacks the complete prior training required in the program, after admission and enrollment, it will be necessary for them to take specific and complementary courses. In this way, the program's Academic Committee, in accordance with the degree of admission, must decide, following a report from the tutor, which complementary courses are appropriate for each student; subjects from Official Master's degrees that grant direct admission to this Doctoral Program may be used for this. In any case, these complementary courses will be mandatory for students who access the program having only a bachelor's degree of 300 ECTS credits or more, which does not include research credits in its curriculum.

In order for the complementary courses to be suitable and consistent with the admission profile, the scientific field and the objectives of the program, the offer of subjects to be taken as complementary courses must meet the needs of the program and will correspond to the following specific fields of knowledge.

In the case of requiring complementary courses, the UNED offers the Research Master's Degree in Economics, in which suitable subjects can be provided for students who choose either of the two lines of research offered. This program offers standard compulsory subjects and six different specialization lines: Industrial and Services Economics, Monetary and Financial Economics, Public Economics, International Economics, Quantitative Economics and Business Economics. Within the list of subjects, it is worth highlighting Statistical Methods, Computer Tools for Research in Economics, and Microeconometrics, which would be suitable for some students who require complementary courses.

As each university deals with specific training activities within these areas, the contents, competences, objectives and evaluation will be those that appear in the teaching guide of the corresponding subject.

Completion of these complementary courses will be simultaneous to enrollment in academic tutorship in the program. In this case, students must enroll in these complementary courses and, in addition, formalize the enrollment of academic tutorship in the program. However, the complementary courses must be passed in the first year of enrollment. If this is not done, the student will be dropped from the program.

For the purpose of providing these complementary courses, the universities in the program will offer the subjects in accordance with the indicated contents (up to a maximum of 18 credits), based on the bachelor's degrees and official master's degrees, in order to cover the educational aspects that allow students to follow the Doctoral Program.

Procedures for assigning a thesis tutor/director

Royal Decree 99/2011 introduces the obligation to assign a tutor to the doctoral student. As indicated in the "Salzburg Principles", supervision of doctoral students plays a crucial role. For this reason, once enrollment has been completed, the Academic Committee of the Doctoral Program will assign a tutor, who will be the person to guide the doctoral student during the entire period of the doctoral program.

It will be a PhD professor with accredited research experience, with permanent or temporary connections with the doctoral program. In general, the Tutor will have the following functions: (i) ensuring the interaction of the doctoral student with the Academic Committee of the Doctoral Program and, jointly, with the thesis Director; (ii) ensuring that the doctoral student's training and research activity are in accordance with the Program lines and (iii) guiding the doctoral student in the program's teaching and research activities.

The tutor, apart from introducing the doctoral student to all the initial procedures to be carried out, will help him/her identify a possible thesis director.

Within a maximum period of three months from enrollment, the Academic Committee of the Doctoral Program will assign each doctoral student a Thesis Director, who may or may not coincide with the tutor referred to in the previous section. The Thesis Director will be ultimately responsible for the coherence and suitability of the training activities, the impact and novelty in their field, the subject of the thesis and the planning and adaptation, where appropriate, to other projects and activities in which the doctoral student is enrolled.


In each academic year, until the presentation of the thesis, the student must renew the enrollment during the established period.

  • In the first year, the doctoral student must pay the registration fees and the annual tutelage fees::
    • Full time: €450 Registration Fees and €1100 annual tutelage fees
    • Part-time: €980 Registration Fees and €570 annual tutelage fees.
  • From the second year, and until the end of the thesis, the student should pay the annual tutelage fees, full time €1,100, or part time €570
  • In order to present their thesis, the doctoral student must pay the thesis deposit: €1,600.
  • Issuance of the doctor's diploma: 311€
  • Partial exemptions from doctorate fees can also be requested annually from the Doctoral Committee for doctoral students who actively collaborate in Nebrija research groups, among others.


  • Full-time students:
    Each academic year, until the presentation of the thesis, the student must renew their enrollment during the established period.
  • Part-time students:
    The academic committee responsible for the doctoral program may authorize carrying out part-time doctoral studies. In order to apply for this modality, candidates will have to prove some work activity. In this case, these studies may have a maximum duration of five years from admission to the program until the presentation of the doctoral thesis. (If after the aforementioned period the thesis deposit request has not been submitted, the committee responsible for the program may authorize an extension of two more years which, also, exceptionally, could be extended for another additional year).
Research lines

The lines and sublines of research are structured according to two main axes, which are broken down as follows:

  1. Welfare, education, work, environment and public policies
    • a) Welfare and economic insecurity: measures of vital and labor welfare, indicators of physical and mental health, objective and subjective measures of economic insecurity; contemporaneous, anticipatory, and lagging effects of economic insecurity on individual welfare; the effect of debt on welfare.
    • b) Education, health, time use, and job performance: health shocks, labor supply, and dynamic employment transitions; time use, labor supply and intergenerational transmission of human capital; gender and worker differences in time use; micro and macroeconomic determinants of educational imbalances: over-education, under-education and competence imbalance; effects of educational imbalances on wages and job satisfaction.
    • c) Evaluation of public policies: the effect of social policies in Europe on the material deprivation of households; minimum income and health policies; education policies and consequences on employment of interest groups; ageing, pensions and effects on public finances and pensions, health, labor supply, labor transitions, immigration, energy markets, demand and climate change policies.
    • d) Spatial and panel data econometrics.
  2. Internationalization of Companies and global markets:
    • a) Sources of trade growth
    • b) The role of international trade agreements
    • c) Offshoring, and import competition; effects of globalization on workers: welfare, wages, job transitions and competence imbalances; heterogeneity by sectors, companies, tasks and type of worker.
    • d) The impact of the internationalization of companies on employment, salary and welfare of workers.

Basic or general competences

  • BC11. Systematic understanding of a field of study and mastery of research skills and methods related to that field.
  • BC12. Ability to conceive, design or create, implement and adopt a substantial process of research or creation.
  • BC13. Ability to contribute to expanding the frontiers of knowledge through original research.
  • BC14. Ability to carry out a critical analysis and evaluation and summary of new and complex ideas.
  • BC15. Ability to communicate with the academic and scientific community, and with society in general, about their fields of knowledge in the ways and languages commonly used in their international scientific community.
  • BC16. Ability to foster, in academic and professional contexts, scientific, technological, social, artistic or cultural progress within a knowledge-based society.

Personal abilities and skills

  • CA01. Get along in contexts in which there is little specific information.
  • CA02. Find the key questions that must be answered to solve a complex problem.
  • CA03. Design, create, develop and undertake new and innovative projects in their field of knowledge.
  • CA04. Work both as a team and autonomously in an international or multidisciplinary context.
  • CA05. Integrate knowledge, deal with complexity and make judgments with limited information.
  • CA06. Critique and intellectual defense of solutions.
Educational activities

Doctoral students (both TP and TC) will have to complete 74 hours of training, of which 14 hours will be transversal training (common to all doctoral students at universities) and 60 hours of specific training (of the Doctoral program in Economy and Business).

All activities are compulsory except for the mobility activity, which is optional, and transversal in nature. This activity may be carried out throughout the entire Doctorate program up to a total of 720 hours.

Educational activities calendar:

Date Name of the training activity Speaker Transversal / Specific Hours Cuorse

Ethics in research and academic honesty

* Transversal 6h 1º TC/
1º TP

Introductory seminar

* Transversal 4h 1ºTC/ 1ºTC

Management of information bases in economics and business

Específica 12 1ª TC/
1º TP

How to Get Published in an Academic Journal

Específica 12 1º TC/ 2º TP

/ Specific training seminar

Específica Hasta un total de 12h 1º TC/ 2º TP
Date Name of the training activity Speaker Transversal / Specific Hours Cuorse

Dissemination of research results

* Transversal 4h 2º TC/ 2º TP

Specific training seminar 2

Específica Hasta un total de 12h 2º TC/ 3º TP
Date Name of the training activity Speaker Transversal / Specific Hours Cuorse

Specific training seminar 3

Específica Hasta un total de 12h 3º TC/   4 TP

* See the Transversal activities calendar



Santiago Budría Rodríguez Santiago Budría Rodríguez Catedrático/Director - Universidad Nebrija Thomas Baumert Thomas Baumert Agregado - Universidad Nebrija Raúl Mínguez Fuentes Raúl Mínguez Fuentes Titular B - Universidad Nebrija Juan Carlos Campaña Naranjo Juan Carlos Campaña Naranjo Agregado - Universidad Nebrija Omar de la Cruz Vicente Omar de la Cruz Vicente Titular - Universidad Nebrija MC Maria del Coro Chasco Yrigoyen Prof. titular - U. Autónoma de Madrid LD Luis Díaz Serrano Prof. Catedrático - U. Rovira i Virgili CG Carlos Gutiérrez Hita Prof. titular - U. Miguel Hernández Miren A. Alzua Sorzabal Miren A. Alzua Sorzabal Catedrático/Director - Universidad Nebrija Paola Rodas Paredes Paola Rodas Paredes Agregado - Universidad Nebrija José Luis García Delgado José Luis García Delgado Catedrático/Director -Jubilado- Universidad Nebrija
Miembro de la Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas de España
JM José María Labeaga Azcona Catedrático/Coordinador en la UNED SJ Sergi Jiménez Martín Catedrático - Universidad Pompeu Fabra BS Blanca Sánchez-Robles Rute Profesora titular UNED JO Juan Oliva Moreno Contratado Doctor - U. Castilla la Mancha LM Luz María Peña Longobardo Contratado Doctor - U. Castilla la Mancha XL Xavier Labandeira Villot Catedrático - Universidad de Vigo LP Laura Parte Esteban Profesora titular - UNED RM Rodrigo Martín García Profesor titular - UNED EZ Eugenio Zucchelli Investigador Tomás y Valiente - U. Autónoma de Madrid FP Federico Perali Catedrático - Universidad de Verona FA Francisco Álvarez Cuadrado Titular - McGill University


Main career opportunities

In recent years, the experience of doctoral students with a profile in applied economics shows that most graduates of these programs diversify their careers between continuing in academia and working in different areas of public administration. In the first place, a large number of these graduates that consider some of the proposals of our program are currently employed as professors and researchers in different research centers and universities in Spain and abroad.

Second, a large number of graduates of doctoral programs in public policy evaluation methods are working in different areas of public administration (Ministries, AIREF, etc.) and national and international, public and private organizations (World Bank, European Union, Central Banks in different countries, etc.), mainly in research, but also in management roles.

The Interuniversity Doctoral Program in Economics and Business: Welfare and Internationalization provides its students with a solid background in economic and social research, in areas of great relevance, such as labor markets, education, welfare, the economic environment, internationalization of companies and the evaluation of risks and policies. The program's doctoral students will benefit from skills that will allow them to combine theory with data analysis, in order to extract relevant decisions from the point of view of public policy or private strategy. Studying in this program, therefore, is the first step of an academic career or a professional life in government departments, international organizations and statistical institutions. Some examples of careers in international organizations that request specialties related to our program can be found at www.oecd.org/careers/, iadbcareers.referrals.selectminds.com/latest-jobs and worldbankgroup.csod.com/ats/careersite/.


Direct collaborations

  • SHANGHAI Jioao Tong University (China)
  • Shanghai International international Studies University (China)
  • Universitat de Mcgill (Canadá)
  • Universitat De Verona (Italia)
  • Universidad de Las Azores (Portugal)
  • Banco Santander
  • Universitat Pompeu Fabra
  • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • Universidad Miguel Hernández
  • Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Universidad de Vigo
  • Banco de España (con UNE)
Santiago Budria Rodriguez CONTACT

Dr. Santiago Budria Rodriguez

Coordinator of the Doctorate in Economics and Business [email protected]

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